The Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) is the national self-regulatory organization which oversees all investment dealers and trading activity on debt and equity marketplaces in Canada. IIROC sets high-quality regulatory and investment industry standards, protects investors and strengthens market integrity while maintaining efficient and competitive capital markets.
The Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) carries out its regulatory responsibilities through setting and enforcing rules regarding the proficiency, business and financial conduct of dealer firms and their registered employees and through setting and enforcing market integrity rules regarding trading activity on Canadian equity marketplaces. To fulfill our mandate as a national self-regulatory organization, we must act with integrity, transparency and fairness.
What IIROC Does:
- Writes rules that set high regulatory and investment industry standards.
- Screens all investment advisors employed by IIROC-regulated firms to ensure they are of good character, are properly trained and have successfully completed all the required educational courses, background checks and programs.
- Conducts financial compliance reviews and sets minimum capital requirements to ensure that firms have enough capital for the specific nature and volume of their business. This reduces the possibility of firms failing by preventing excessive leverage and risky business practices. (IIROC-regulated firms also participate in the Canadian Investor Protection Fund which protects individual investors in the unlikely event that a firm should go bankrupt.)
- Conducts business conduct compliance reviews to check that firms have procedures in place to properly supervise the handling of client accounts and that advice and transactions appropriately reflect the client’s needs and instructions. IIROC-approved advisors must follow suitability and “know your client” rules by being familiar with a client’s financial situation, investment needs, objectives, investing experience and tolerance for risk.
- Conducts trading conduct compliance reviews to check trading firms’ trade-desk procedures. The reviews assess whether trade-desk procedures comply with the Universal Market Integrity Rules (UMIR) and applicable provincial securities law.
- Conducts market surveillance and trading review analysis to ensure that trading is carried out in accordance with UMIR and applicable provincial securities law.
- Investigates possible dealer or marketplace misconduct by its dealer firms, approved persons and other market participants and can bring disciplinary proceedings which may result in penalties including fines, suspensions and permanent bans or terminations for individuals and firms. (Money from fines and settlements is contributed to IIROC’s restricted fund, which IIROC uses to fund capital expenditures necessary to address emerging regulatory issues, projects relating to investor and industry education, and other uses authorized under IIROC’s Recognition Orders.)
Our Vision is to demonstrate how our self-regulatory model serves the public interest, by:
- inspiring confidence and deterring wrongdoing by having and using robust and appropriate tools
- making the delivery of securities regulation in Canada significantly more efficient
- being known as a trusted, respected, and valued partner by our stakeholders
- being a leading-edge securities regulator
- creating a culture that attracts and retains high-quality employees
Act with Integrity
We conduct ourselves in an ethical manner in accordance with the highest degree of fairness and professionalism.
We act in a timely, diligent and responsive manner.
We are open to new ideas as we anticipate and collaborate to meet the challenges of a constantly changing environment.
ref: The Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada